The mechanism for doing so isn’t yet clear: China can use its veto power to protect Myanmar at the United Nations Security Council, while the International Criminal Court has no jurisdiction over Myanmar.

Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland has said she supports creating an “international impartial and independent mechanism,” similar to that in place for investigating and prosecuting crimes in Syria.

Neither Canada nor the EU has sanctioned Senior-General Min Aung Hlaing or Vice-Senior-General Soe Win.